Felpfe Inc.
Search
Close this search box.
call 24/7

+484 237-1364‬

Search
Close this search box.

Overview of Kafka Streams and its core features

Introduction to Kafka Streams

In this section, we will provide an overview of Kafka Streams, a powerful stream processing library in Apache Kafka. Understanding Kafka Streams and its core features is essential for building real-time data processing applications that leverage the scalability and fault tolerance of Kafka.

Topics covered in this section:

  1. Introduction to stream processing and its benefits.
  2. Overview of Kafka Streams and its architecture.
  3. Key features of Kafka Streams.
  4. Use cases and scenarios where Kafka Streams is applicable.
  5. Advantages of using Kafka Streams over other stream processing frameworks.

Code Sample: Creating a Simple Kafka Streams Application

Java
import org.apache.kafka.streams.*;
import org.apache.kafka.streams.kstream.*;
import java.util.Properties;

public class KafkaStreamsExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Configure Kafka Streams application
        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.put(StreamsConfig.APPLICATION_ID_CONFIG, "my-streams-app");
        props.put(StreamsConfig.BOOTSTRAP_SERVERS_CONFIG, "localhost:9092");

        // Create Kafka Streams builder
        StreamsBuilder builder = new StreamsBuilder();

        // Define the processing logic
        KStream<String, String> sourceStream = builder.stream("input_topic");
        KStream<String, String> transformedStream = sourceStream.mapValues(value -> value.toUpperCase());

        // Write the transformed data to an output topic
        transformedStream.to("output_topic");

        // Build and start the Kafka Streams application
        KafkaStreams streams = new KafkaStreams(builder.build(), props);
        streams.start();

        // Gracefully shutdown the application on termination
        Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread(streams::close));
    }
}

Reference Link:

  • Apache Kafka documentation on Kafka Streams: link

Helpful Video:

  • “Introduction to Kafka Streams” by Confluent: link

Core Features of Kafka Streams

In this section, we will explore the core features of Kafka Streams that enable powerful stream processing capabilities. Understanding these features allows for building sophisticated data processing pipelines and real-time analytics applications using Kafka Streams.

Topics covered in this section:

  1. Stream processing with Kafka Streams DSL.
  2. Windowing and event-time processing.
  3. Stateful processing and interactive queries.
  4. Joins, aggregations, and transformations.
  5. Exactly-once processing semantics in Kafka Streams.

Code Sample: Windowed Aggregation with Kafka Streams

Java
import org.apache.kafka.streams.*;
import org.apache.kafka.streams.kstream.*;
import java.util.Properties;
import java.time.Duration;

public class KafkaStreamsAggregationExample {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // Configure Kafka Streams application
        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.put(StreamsConfig.APPLICATION_ID_CONFIG, "my-streams-app");
        props.put(StreamsConfig.BOOTSTRAP_SERVERS_CONFIG, "localhost:9092");

        // Create Kafka Streams builder
        StreamsBuilder builder = new StreamsBuilder();

        // Define the processing logic
        KStream<String, String> inputStream = builder.stream("input_topic");
        KGroupedStream<String, String> groupedStream = inputStream.groupByKey();
        TimeWindowedKStream<String, String> windowedStream = groupedStream.windowedBy(TimeWindows.of(Duration.ofMinutes(5)));
        KTable<Windowed<String>, Long> aggregatedTable = windowedStream.count();
        KStream<String, Long> outputStream = aggregatedTable.toStream().map((key, value) ->

 new KeyValue<>(key.key(), value));

        // Write the aggregated data to an output topic
        outputStream.to("output_topic");

        // Build and start the Kafka Streams application
        KafkaStreams streams = new KafkaStreams(builder.build(), props);
        streams.start();

        // Gracefully shutdown the application on termination
        Runtime.getRuntime().addShutdownHook(new Thread(streams::close));
    }
}

Reference Link:

  • Kafka Streams documentation on core concepts and features: link

Helpful Video:

  • “Kafka Streams – A Deep Dive” by Confluent: link

Conclusion:
In this module, we provided an overview of Kafka Streams and its core features. Kafka Streams is a powerful stream processing library that enables building real-time data processing applications on top of Apache Kafka. By understanding Kafka Streams and its capabilities, you can harness the scalability, fault tolerance, and exactly-once processing semantics of Kafka for stream processing tasks.

With the provided code samples and reference links, you are equipped to create Kafka Streams applications, define processing logic using the Streams DSL, and leverage key features such as windowing, stateful processing, and aggregations. By choosing Kafka Streams, you gain the advantage of a seamless integration with Kafka, simplified deployment, and strong guarantees in data processing.

By leveraging the capabilities of Kafka Streams, you can build robust and scalable stream processing pipelines, enabling real-time data processing, analytics, and complex event processing. Kafka Streams empowers you to unlock the full potential of Apache Kafka for building stream-centric applications.

Unleashing The Tech Marvels

Discover a tech enthusiast’s dreamland as our blog takes you on a thrilling journey through the dynamic world of programming. 

More Post like this

About Author
Ozzie Feliciano CTO @ Felpfe Inc.

Ozzie Feliciano is a highly experienced technologist with a remarkable twenty-three years of expertise in the technology industry.

kafka-logo-tall-apache-kafka-fel
Stream Dream: Diving into Kafka Streams
In “Stream Dream: Diving into Kafka Streams,”...
ksql
Talking in Streams: KSQL for the SQL Lovers
“Talking in Streams: KSQL for the SQL Lovers”...
spring_cloud
Stream Symphony: Real-time Wizardry with Spring Cloud Stream Orchestration
Description: The blog post, “Stream Symphony:...
1_GVb-mYlEyq_L35dg7TEN2w
Kafka Chronicles: Saga of Resilient Microservices Communication with Spring Cloud Stream
“Kafka Chronicles: Saga of Resilient Microservices...
kafka-logo-tall-apache-kafka-fel
Tackling Security in Kafka: A Comprehensive Guide on Authentication and Authorization
As the usage of Apache Kafka continues to grow in organizations...
1 2 3 58
90's, 2000's and Today's Hits
Decades of Hits, One Station

Listen to the greatest hits of the 90s, 2000s and Today. Now on TuneIn. Listen while you code.