Felpfe Inc.
Search
Close this search box.
call 24/7

+484 237-1364‬

Search
Close this search box.

Exploring exactly-once semantics and transactional messaging in Kafka

Achieving exactly-once semantics and ensuring transactional messaging are critical aspects of building robust and reliable data pipelines with Apache Kafka. In this topic, we will explore the concepts, techniques, and code samples to implement exactly-once semantics and transactional messaging in Kafka.

  1. Exactly-Once Semantics in Kafka:
  • Understanding the challenges of message processing and ensuring exactly-once semantics.
  • Exploring the idempotent producer and transactional producer patterns.

Code Sample 1: Configuring the Idempotent Producer in Java

Java
Properties props = new Properties();
props.put("bootstrap.servers", "localhost:9092");
props.put("key.serializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer");
props.put("value.serializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer");
props.put("acks", "all");
props.put("enable.idempotence", "true");

Producer<String, String> producer = new KafkaProducer<>(props);
producer.send(new ProducerRecord<>("my-topic", "key1", "value1"));
producer.send(new ProducerRecord<>("my-topic", "key2", "value2"));
producer.close();
  1. Transactional Messaging in Kafka:
  • Implementing transactional messaging to ensure atomicity and consistency of message processing.
  • Exploring the transactional producer and consumer patterns.

Code Sample 2: Configuring the Transactional Producer in Java

Java
Properties props = new Properties();
props.put("bootstrap.servers", "localhost:9092");
props.put("key.serializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer");
props.put("value.serializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer");
props.put("transactional.id", "my-transactional-id");

Producer<String, String> producer = new KafkaProducer<>(props);
producer.initTransactions();

try {
    producer.beginTransaction();
    producer.send(new ProducerRecord<>("my-topic", "key1", "value1"));
    producer.send(new ProducerRecord<>("my-topic", "key2", "value2"));
    producer.commitTransaction();
} catch (ProducerFencedException | OutOfOrderSequenceException | AuthorizationException e) {
    producer.close();
} finally {
    producer.close();
}
  1. Handling Transactional Messages in Consumers:
  • Implementing transactional messaging in Kafka consumers to ensure consistency with producers.

Code Sample 3: Configuring the Transactional Consumer in Java

Java
Properties props = new Properties();
props.put("bootstrap.servers", "localhost:9092");
props.put("key.deserializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer");
props.put("value.deserializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer");
props.put("group.id", "my-group-id");
props.put("isolation.level", "read_committed");

Consumer<String, String> consumer = new KafkaConsumer<>(props);
consumer.subscribe(Collections.singletonList("my-topic"));

while (true) {
    ConsumerRecords<String, String> records = consumer.poll(Duration.ofMillis(1000));
    for (ConsumerRecord<String, String> record : records) {
        // Process the transactional messages
    }
}
  1. Ensuring Exactly-Once Processing in Kafka Streams:
  • Implementing exactly-once processing in Kafka Streams applications using the built-in transactional support.

Code Sample 4: Configuring Exactly-Once Processing in Kafka Streams

Java
Properties props = new Properties();
props.put(StreamsConfig.BOOTSTRAP_SERVERS_CONFIG, "localhost:9092");
props.put(StreamsConfig.APPLICATION_ID_CONFIG, "my-application");
props.put(StreamsConfig.PROCESSING_GUARANTEE_CONFIG, StreamsConfig.EXACTLY_ONCE);

StreamsBuilder builder = new StreamsBuilder();
KStream<String

, String> stream = builder.stream("my-topic");
// Perform data processing

stream.to("output-topic");

KafkaStreams kafkaStreams = new KafkaStreams(builder.build(), props);
kafkaStreams.start();
  1. Handling Exceptions and Retries in Exactly-Once Semantics:
  • Implementing error handling and retries to ensure message processing integrity in exactly-once semantics.

Code Sample 5: Handling Exceptions and Retries in Kafka Consumer

Java
Properties props = new Properties();
props.put("bootstrap.servers", "localhost:9092");
props.put("key.deserializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer");
props.put("value.deserializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringDeserializer");
props.put("group.id", "my-group-id");
props.put("isolation.level", "read_committed");
props.put("enable.auto.commit", "false");

Consumer<String, String> consumer = new KafkaConsumer<>(props);
consumer.subscribe(Collections.singletonList("my-topic"));

while (true) {
    ConsumerRecords<String, String> records = consumer.poll(Duration.ofMillis(1000));
    try {
        for (ConsumerRecord<String, String> record : records) {
            // Process the transactional messages
        }
        consumer.commitSync();
    } catch (CommitFailedException e) {
        // Handle commit failure and retry if needed
    }
}

Reference Link: Apache Kafka Documentation – Transactions in Kafka – https://kafka.apache.org/documentation/#transactions

Helpful Video: “Exactly Once Semantics in Apache Kafka” by Confluent – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wmE_8b_R6_g

Conclusion:

Implementing exactly-once semantics and transactional messaging in Apache Kafka is crucial for ensuring message processing integrity and data consistency. By utilizing code samples and understanding the concepts discussed in this topic, developers can achieve exactly-once processing by implementing idempotent producers, transactional producers and consumers, and leveraging the built-in transactional support in Kafka Streams.

Reference link to Kafka’s official documentation provides in-depth information on transactions in Kafka, offering additional guidance and insights. The suggested video resource further enhances the learning experience by providing visual explanations and real-world examples of exactly-once semantics in Kafka.

By implementing exactly-once semantics and transactional messaging in Kafka, organizations can build reliable and robust data pipelines, guaranteeing message processing integrity and data consistency in their real-time streaming applications.

Unleashing The Tech Marvels

Discover a tech enthusiast’s dreamland as our blog takes you on a thrilling journey through the dynamic world of programming. 

More Post like this

About Author
Ozzie Feliciano CTO @ Felpfe Inc.

Ozzie Feliciano is a highly experienced technologist with a remarkable twenty-three years of expertise in the technology industry.

kafka-logo-tall-apache-kafka-fel
Stream Dream: Diving into Kafka Streams
In “Stream Dream: Diving into Kafka Streams,”...
ksql
Talking in Streams: KSQL for the SQL Lovers
“Talking in Streams: KSQL for the SQL Lovers”...
spring_cloud
Stream Symphony: Real-time Wizardry with Spring Cloud Stream Orchestration
Description: The blog post, “Stream Symphony:...
1_GVb-mYlEyq_L35dg7TEN2w
Kafka Chronicles: Saga of Resilient Microservices Communication with Spring Cloud Stream
“Kafka Chronicles: Saga of Resilient Microservices...
kafka-logo-tall-apache-kafka-fel
Tackling Security in Kafka: A Comprehensive Guide on Authentication and Authorization
As the usage of Apache Kafka continues to grow in organizations...
1 2 3 58
90's, 2000's and Today's Hits
Decades of Hits, One Station

Listen to the greatest hits of the 90s, 2000s and Today. Now on TuneIn. Listen while you code.