Felpfe Inc.
Close this search box.
call 24/7

+484 237-1364‬

Close this search box.

Building RESTful Web Services with Spring Boot

Building RESTful Web Services with Spring Boot

1. Introduction to RESTful Web Services:
RESTful web services have become the de facto standard for building APIs in modern applications. They provide a lightweight and scalable approach to expose resources and enable communication between different systems. In this section, we will explore how to build RESTful web services using Spring Boot, a framework that simplifies the development process.

2. Understanding REST and HTTP:
Before diving into building RESTful web services with Spring Boot, it’s essential to understand the fundamentals of REST and the HTTP protocol. REST (Representational State Transfer) is an architectural style that defines a set of principles for designing networked applications. It uses HTTP methods such as GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE to perform operations on resources identified by URLs (Uniform Resource Locators).

3. Setting Up a Spring Boot Project:
To get started with building RESTful web services, we need to set up a Spring Boot project. You can use Spring Initializr, a web-based tool, or your preferred IDE to generate a new Spring Boot project. Make sure to include the necessary dependencies for building RESTful web services.

4. Creating a REST Controller:
In Spring Boot, a REST controller handles incoming HTTP requests and returns the appropriate responses. Let’s create a simple REST controller to demonstrate the basic concepts:

public class UserController {

public List<User> getUsers() {
// Logic to retrieve users from the database or any other source
return userService.getUsers();

public User getUserById(@PathVariable(“id”) Long id) {
// Logic to retrieve a user by ID
return userService.getUserById(id);

public ResponseEntity<User> createUser(@RequestBody User user) {
// Logic to create a new user
User createdUser = userService.createUser(user);
return ResponseEntity.status(HttpStatus.CREATED).body(createdUser);

public User updateUser(@PathVariable(“id”) Long id, @RequestBody User user) {
// Logic to update a user
return userService.updateUser(id, user);

public ResponseEntity<Void> deleteUser(@PathVariable(“id”) Long id) {
// Logic to delete a user
return ResponseEntity.noContent().build();

In this example, we have defined a REST controller called `UserController` with various methods to handle different HTTP requests. The controller is annotated with `@RestController`, which combines the `@Controller` and `@ResponseBody` annotations, indicating that the response should be serialized as JSON.

5. Request Mapping and Path Variables:
The `@RequestMapping` annotation is used to map HTTP requests to specific methods in the controller. In the example, we have used the `@GetMapping`, `@PostMapping`, `@PutMapping`, and `@DeleteMapping` annotations for specific HTTP methods.

The `@PathVariable` annotation is used to extract values from the URL path and pass them as method parameters. For example, in the `getUserById` method, the `{id}` placeholder in the URL is mapped to the `id` parameter.

6. Request Body and Response:
The `@RequestBody` annotation is used to bind the request body to a method parameter. In the `createUser` and `updateUser` methods, the `User` object is extracted from the request body.

The methods return the appropriate responses using the `ResponseEntity` class. The `ResponseEntity` allows customizing the HTTP status code and headers in the response. In the

example, we return `HttpStatus.CREATED` for successful user creation and `ResponseEntity.noContent()` for successful user deletion.

7. Handling Exceptions:
In real-world scenarios, it’s crucial to handle exceptions that may occur during request processing. Spring Boot provides several ways to handle exceptions, such as using the `@ExceptionHandler` annotation or implementing custom exception handlers.

8. Testing RESTful Web Services:
Testing is an essential part of building RESTful web services. Spring Boot provides robust testing support, allowing you to write unit tests and integration tests for your controllers. You can use frameworks like JUnit and Mockito to mock dependencies and simulate HTTP requests.

9. Securing RESTful Web Services:
Security is a critical aspect of web services. Spring Boot provides various mechanisms for securing RESTful web services, such as authentication and authorization. You can integrate security features like OAuth, JWT, or basic authentication to protect your APIs.

10. Conclusion:
In this section, we explored the process of building RESTful web services with Spring Boot. We learned how to create a REST controller, handle different HTTP methods, handle path variables and request bodies, and return appropriate responses. We also discussed exception handling, testing, and securing RESTful web services. Spring Boot’s simplicity and convention-over-configuration approach make it an ideal choice for developing robust and scalable RESTful APIs.

About Author
Ozzie Feliciano CTO @ Felpfe Inc.

Ozzie Feliciano is a highly experienced technologist with a remarkable twenty-three years of expertise in the technology industry.

Stream Dream: Diving into Kafka Streams
In “Stream Dream: Diving into Kafka Streams,”...
Talking in Streams: KSQL for the SQL Lovers
“Talking in Streams: KSQL for the SQL Lovers”...
Stream Symphony: Real-time Wizardry with Spring Cloud Stream Orchestration
Description: The blog post, “Stream Symphony:...
Kafka Chronicles: Saga of Resilient Microservices Communication with Spring Cloud Stream
“Kafka Chronicles: Saga of Resilient Microservices...
Tackling Security in Kafka: A Comprehensive Guide on Authentication and Authorization
As the usage of Apache Kafka continues to grow in organizations...
1 2 3 58
90's, 2000's and Today's Hits
Decades of Hits, One Station

Listen to the greatest hits of the 90s, 2000s and Today. Now on TuneIn. Listen while you code.